What does work in aphasia therapy?
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In our last newsletter, we discussed why 1.25 millions residents of the USA and Canada continue to suffer the often devastating effects of aphasia. We presented 12 reasons why traditional approaches to aphasia therapy have failed to help so many people despite millions and millions of dollars spent on unsuccessful attempts.
We promised also to present specific information about what we have found truly does work. Here are 12 reasons why so many of our patients and clients have made real progress toward conversing, reading, writing, typing and talking again. By following these treatment principles , strategies and tactics, we are able to make each activity and practice session truly therapeutic and make patients eager to practice hours each day.
Twelve keys to productive and successful aphasia therapy:
1. We focus on you speaking and conversing again in a natural fashion. This means that the you are using your own ideas and thoughts when independently generating speech and conversation. We do not believe that using imitation, closure tasks, naming tasks, pointing, or being cued by another person leads to the propositional conversation that you and every person with aphasia wants.
2. We work on reconnecting brain pathways that you use for normal, conversation speech by taking advantage of brain plasticity. Instead of picture stimuli, we have you work from your own memory or thought, whenever possible, then work on what you want to say [ intent; speech acts] and organizing your words into sentences. We have found in our approach that years since your stroke and your age are not critical factors in your eventual aphasia recovery.
3. We challenge you. Your treatment program is not only highly individualized, but also nurtured and developed on an ongoing basis. We even create materials and treatment protocols specifically for you and your special needs and strengths. No busy work. We reduce caregiver stress in most cases by saving time, encouraging patient involvement and increasing patient time spent with self-help practice.
4. We strengthen your cognitive underpinnings so very critical to your speech. These include: verbal working memory; focused, selective and alternating attention skills; problem solving; mental resource allocation; and flexibility of thought. Success in aphasia recovery requires bolstering these.
5 We guide you to becoming your own speech therapist. We help you and your caregivers genuinely understand aphasia [ metaphasia ] and focus on building effective self-help strategies and tools. In the long, only you can speak for yourself.
6. We make treatment affordable. By combining self-help strategies; training of caregivers and practice assistance; use of the Aphasia Sight Reader program at http://www.aphasiatoolbox.
7. We use SMART treatment activities. We go beyond the clinical and research evidence utilizing knowledge from numerous sources including learning theory and cognitive neuroscience. We work at the sentence level whenever possible. We focus on verbs as they are the essence of a simple sentence. We avoid boring, tired drills.
8. We use all possible angles to reconnect neural pathways: reading; writing; prosody [ melody, intonation, rhythm, etc]; gestures; technology; cognitive skills while we keep our focus on improving your conversational ability.
9. If you have a more severe problem speaking, we deal effectively with the effects of apraxia using our Cognitive Restructuring for Apraxia Program and the effects of phonological aphasia [ difficulty finding or saying the correct speech sounds when you know the word in you head ] using our AphasiaPhonics Program.
10. We find ways for you to practice, and to want to practice, daily. Successful aphasia recovery takes time, persistence, and the use of smart treatment techniques and tools. We offer the exclusive Interval Intensive Aphasia Treatment Program that combines short burst of intensive treatment with lots of ongoing self practice using innovative tools and materials.
11. We collaborate with other speech-language pathologists or therapists you might be working with. Teamwork is essential as is referring you to the finest of resources available to maximize your recovery. You will feel connected to a network of patients, caregivers and professionals sharing a mission. You get to join a community of people aggressively traveling the pathway of aphasia recovery.
12. We never give up; neither should you. You get to work with a successful program that is innovative and dynamic knowing that we will never give up on you.
From PubMed: Dragoy, O., Akinina, Y., & Dronkers, N. (2016). *Toward a functional neuroanatomy of semantic aphasia: A history and ten new cases*.* Cortex.*...
18 hours ago